Canadian Citizenship Application
At Idea immigration Canadian citizenship application experts can help you determine if you are eligible to apply for Canadian citizenship. They will assist you with your citizenship application and advise you of the best measures you should take to obtain Canadian citizenship.
People who wanted to acquire Canadian Citizenship have multiple ways to get the Canadian Citizenship. There are situations, a person not born in Canada can also apply for certificate of citizenship sowing that that derived the citizenship at birth from Canadian parents living abroad.
Requirement and Exceptions.
In general individuals can apply for Canadian Citizenship must meet the following requirement
- Be 18 years of age.
- Be a permanent resident of Canada.
- Meet the residency requirement (must be in Canada for 1095 days within 1460 days, i.e., 3 out of 4 years
If the applicant is a child under the age of 18, the following circumstances must be met:
- The child must be a permanent resident.
- The child does not have to have lived in Canada for three years.
- The child’s parent, adoptive parent, or legal guardian, and one of the parents is already a Canadian citizen or is in the process of applying to become a citizen. This applies to adoptive parents also.
In addition, the applicant must meet two other requirements:
- language requirement (be able to understand and speak basic English or French)
- Knowledge about Canada’s requirements (Canada’s history, geography, government, and the rights and responsibilities of citizenship). A language test is required to be provided with an application, and a test is to be taken to prove knowledge about Canada.
Persons 55 years of age and over are exempt from these two requirements.
In addition, the permanent residence status in Canada must not be in doubt at any time, meaning that you must not be involved in an immigration investigation, immigration inquiry or removal order.
Applicants residing in Canada prior to becoming permanent residents can receive credit for the one-half day, to a maximum of one year, for each day of residing in Canada.
Prohibitions regarding criminal history
There are prohibitions on an individual applying for Canadian citizenship if a criminal history is present. An individual with a criminal history cannot become a Canadian citizen in the following circumstances:
in the three years prior to applying, one has been convicted of a criminal offense under the Citizenship Act, is presently accused of a criminal offense under the Citizenship Act, is currently, or has been in the last four years, in prison, parole, or probation; has been asked by Canadian officials to leave Canada (under removal order); is being investigated for, accused of, or convicted of a war crime or a crime against humanity;, and has had his Canadian citizenship removed in the past five years.
The federal government is working on reforming the Citizenship Act (Bill C-24). The changes will require citizenship applicants to be present in Canada for four years out of six (rather than three years out of four) and will raise the age of exemption from language and citizenship tests to 65 from 55.
Amendments to the Canadian Citizenship Act
The Canadian Citizenship Act was amended on 17 April 2009 to grant Canadian citizenship to certain people who had lost it and others who have been recognized as citizens for the first time.
Citizenship was restored to people who became citizens when the first citizenship act took effect on 1 January 1947, as well as to people born in Canada or who became citizens on or after 1 January 1947 and then lost their citizenship, and those born outside Canada on or after 1 January 1947 in the first generation to a Canadian citizen. Under the new law, some people, including those who meet these requirements, can be granted citizenship for the first time.
Children born to Canadian parents in the first generation outside Canada can only be Canadian citizens if one parent was born in Canada or became a citizen by immigrating and was later granted citizenship (naturalization).
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